What Was The Name Of The Agreement Henry Wanted Becket To Sign

In 1176, Pope Alexander and King Henry reached an agreement on how to punish criminogenic writers, the subject that had sparked all the controversy. In the end, most of the other conflicts between Henry and the Church were resolved by compromises and colder minds. The constitutions took the name Clarendon Palace, in Wiltshire, the royal hunting castle where they were proclaimed. Becket spent six years in exile in France. Meanwhile, Henry had his power folded in England. His most egregious snout of his old friend`s authority was his decision to have his son Henry the young king crowned in June 1170 by Becket`s long-time enemy, the archbishop of York. Becket appealed to the Pope and, under considerable pressure, Henry agreed to resume negotiations. After that, the archbishop and king spoke privately for the first time since 1164, and Henry promised to restore Becket`s rights as archbishop of Canterbury. Becket assured that he would be safe to return to England. However, his last act was to punish those involved in the unauthorized coronation. Before Becket left France, the archbishop of York and two bishops were expelled from the Church (excommunicated). This act is expected to have devastating consequences for his return to England. Although a number of small conflicts contributed to the controversy, the main source of conflict was what to do with clerics who committed secular crimes.

Since even men who took minor orders were considered clerics, the dispute over so-called “crime officers” potentially covered up to one-fifth of England`s male population at that time. Becket had defended the position that all clerics, whether in minor orders or not, should not be treated by secular powers and that only the ecclesiastical hierarchy could try them for crimes, including those of a secular nature (the usefulness of the clergy). Heinrich felt, however, that this position deprived him of the ability to govern effectively and to underestimate law and order in England. [4] Henry held that the laws and customs of England supported his position and that Theobald von Bec, the former archbishop, had admitted to the papacy in 1154 that the English custom was to allow the lay courts to prosecute officials accused of crimes. [6] Other issues between the king and the archbishop included Becket`s actions to recover the lands lost in the archdiocese, some of which he recovered through a royal letter authorizing the archbishop to restore all the alienated lands. His high esteem prompted numerous complaints from the king and contributed to the dispute. [7] Another disagreement concerned Henry`s attempts to obtain the sheriff`s assistance in 1163. Becket argued that the aid was an offer from sheriffs and could not be imposed. This culminated in a violent argument in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, in July 1163.

[8] Another factor was Becket`s excommunication from a royal tenant who had objected to the archbishop`s attempt to install an official in a church where the tenants claimed the right to appoint the appointment. An even later dispute between the king and Becket led Becket to yield to the king`s statement that England`s custom was that no tenant could be excommunicated without royal permission. [9] It is interesting to note that some have suggested that Becket welcome death and martyrdom. It certainly seems recordings that he could have escaped if he wanted to, but it seems that he decided to stay and die. Case #2. Jane works as a product test engineer for Cool Tools Rule, a tool manufacturer for the do-it-yourself market.