Committee On Regional Trade Agreements Wto

Until the establishment of the CRTA in February 1996, 12 additional working parties had been established either by the Council for Trade in Goods or by the Council for Trade in Services. During the GATT years, regional trade agreements have been discussed in individual working parties and the GATT Council has adopted reports on their examination. A new working group was established for each new agreement notified to the Secretariat. Report on the Treatment of Medical Devices in Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) Article XXIV agreements were notified to the Council for Trade in Goods (CTG), which defined the terms of reference and transferred the agreement to the CRTA for consideration. In accordance with Article V of the GATS, SAAs for trade in services were notified to the Council for Trade in Services (STC), which may have chosen to forward the agreement to the CRTA for consideration. Unlike the TSRs notified under Article XXIV of the GATT, such an examination was optional. In the vast majority of cases, such a review was ordered. Regional trade agreements (SAAs) have multiplied and expanded over the years, including a notable increase in the large plurilateral agreements under negotiation. Non-discrimination between trading partners is one of the fundamental principles of the WTO; However, SAAs, which are reciprocal preferential agreements between two or more partners, are one of the exceptions and are allowed under the WTO, subject to a number of rules. Information on SAAs notified to the WTO is available in the RTA database.

However, due to a lack of consensus among WTO members, no audit report has been prepared since 1995, when audits were carried out in various working groups prior to the establishment of the Committee. .